Crowdsourced Security Cameras Enabling a Real-time Scaled Response to Crime

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OVERVIEW

Motivation

City Paterson is going to solve the crime problems by using Crowdsourced Security Cameras and collaborative policing. The city has always been handling the relatively high crime rate compared with other cities in NJ.

In the meanwhile, due to the current COVID-19 situation, another type of violation-social distancing violation surges. Paterson wants to properly place and utilize cameras to kill two birds with one stone which means placing the camera appropriately which can both detect crime and social distance violation.

Goal

1.Find out where to install those cameras by overlapping the city crime and COVID-19 response call data

2. Develop a Yolo-based model to detect social distancing and blank frame (no person in the frame)

3. Allocate the police force temporally and spatially based on data analytics and modeling

 

DATA

Crime Arrest data

From 2015-2020 in Paterson 

Location

Time

Crime type

COVID-19 response call data

 

From April 2020 to June 2020 in Paterson

Call time

Location

Shapefile of Paterson Census Tract(2010)

 

Geometric information about each contract such as geoid, boundary, latitude, and longitude.

Camera Footage

 

Provided by Mayor Office Chief Executive of Innovation.

 

Genes Liquor Store

Brother Groceries 

 

METHODOLOGY

Crime data for clustering

Summarizes detailed crime types into a more general one.

Calculate the number of each crime type incident by each hour and normalize all the incident numbers.

So the absolute number becomes relative numbers so the team can observe the proportion easily,  which is also a prerequisite for clustering.

Crime data for Time-series Analysis

 1, Join the census tract map and crime data to get the merged data.

 

2, Calculated the total incidents each month in each census tract as the time-series analysis input. 

 

3, Predicted the incidents number in the following 3 months by different tracts and selected the top 5 high-risk areas.

where to install camera

A heatmap and hot spot analysis

How to utilize video feed

YOLO algorithm

 

RESULT & CONCLUSION

Clustering

The final 3 categories have different time distributions. For label 0, it reaches a peak at midnight and stays quite low during the day. Label 1 has the highest point around 7 am-9 am which is just the start of the working. As for label 2, it keeps rising until the afternoon and remains quite high until night. After having a basic understanding of these 3 patterns, the team investigates the detailed crime types.

Clustering Results

Time-series analysis

High Crime Density Areas in Paterson

Crime and Social Distancing Complaint Heatmap and Hotspot

Social Distancing Analyser

 

ABOUT US

OUR TEAM

Pengcheng Yang

Master student at NYU Center for Urban Science + Progress

Jianan Gong

Master student at NYU Center for Urban Science + Progress

OUR SPONSOR & MENTOR

Edward Boze

Chief innovation officer of Paterson

Junaid Ahmed Khan

Smart Cities Research Associate at Center for Urban Science and Progress (CUSP), New York University

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